Egg Freezing 101: A Guide to Preserving Your Fertility

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As women age, their fertility decreases, making it more difficult to conceive. However, with advances in medical technology, women now have the option to freeze their eggs and preserve their fertility.

Egg freezing is the process of extracting a woman’s eggs, freezing them, and storing them for future use. It is a viable option for women who want to delay pregnancy or who are undergoing medical treatments that may affect their fertility. In this article, we will discuss how to prepare for egg freezing.

Understanding Egg Freezing

Egg freezing is a medical procedure that involves the removal of a woman’s eggs from her ovaries. The eggs are then frozen at a temperature of -196°C using a process called vitrification. Vitrification is a rapid freezing technique that prevents ice crystals from forming on the eggs, which can damage them. The frozen eggs can be stored for an extended period and thawed when the woman is ready to use them.

Finding a Fertility Clinic

The first step in preparing for egg freezing is to find a reputable fertility clinic. Look for clinics that specialize in egg freezing and have experienced doctors and staff. Research the clinic’s success rates and read reviews from past patients. Once you have found a clinic, schedule a consultation with a fertility specialist to discuss your options and determine if egg freezing is right for you.

Preparing your Body

Before undergoing egg freezing, it is essential to prepare your body. This includes maintaining a healthy lifestyle, eating a balanced diet, and exercising regularly. You should also avoid smoking, alcohol, and drugs, as these can have a negative impact on your fertility. Additionally, you may need to take fertility medications to stimulate your ovaries and increase the number of eggs produced.

Egg Retrieval Procedure

The egg retrieval procedure is a minimally invasive procedure that typically takes 20-30 minutes. You will be given sedation or anesthesia to ensure that you are comfortable during the procedure. The doctor will use a transvaginal ultrasound to guide a needle through the vaginal wall and into the ovaries. The eggs are then aspirated from the follicles using a suction device attached to the needle. After the procedure, you may experience some cramping and discomfort, but these symptoms should subside within a few days.

Egg Freezing Process

Once the eggs have been retrieved, they are immediately taken to the laboratory for processing. The eggs are assessed for quality and maturity, and then they are frozen using vitrification. The eggs are placed in a cryovial and stored in liquid nitrogen until they are ready to be thawed and used.

Costs of Egg Freezing

Egg freezing can be expensive, and the costs can vary depending on several factors, including the clinic’s location, the number of eggs retrieved, and the storage fees. It is essential to understand the costs associated with egg freezing and to discuss payment options with your clinic. Some clinics offer financing options, while others may accept insurance. You should also check if your employer offers any fertility benefits that may cover the cost of egg freezing.

Future Use of Frozen Eggs

Once your eggs have been frozen, they can be stored for several years. When you are ready to use your frozen eggs, they will be thawed and fertilized using a process called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The sperm is injected directly into the egg, and the embryo is then transferred to the uterus. The success rates of egg freezing can vary, but they have improved significantly in recent years, making it a viable option for women who want to preserve their fertility.


Egg freezing is a viable option for women who want to delay pregnancy or who are undergoing medical treatments that may affect their fertility. However, it is essential to prepare your body, find a reputable fertility clinic, understand the costs associated with egg freezing, and discuss payment options with your clinic. With the right preparation, egg freezing can offer women the opportunity to preserve their fertility and achieve their family planning goals.

If you’re looking for a reputable fertility clinic in Toronto, look no further than First Steps Fertility Clinic. Dr. Fay Weisberg and her team of experienced professionals provide exceptional fertility services and personalized care to help you achieve your family planning goals. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards preserving your fertility.

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